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1. Product structure adjustment plays a role in energy conservation and emission reduction.
The structural adjustment of forklift products is not just to change the proportion of oil and electricity, but mainly to enhance the quality and performance of forklifts and increase the proportion of high-end products. The steady development of the national economy depends on the relative balance between demand and supply in the economy, and the sustainable development of the forklift industry is also true. The supply side is relative to the demand side. Under the guidance of the new policy of environmental protection, the demand of the forklift users has changed, and the supply of the forklift industry has to change accordingly. At present, the domestic forklift supply system presents the situation of oversupply of middle and low end products and insufficient supply of high-end products. Therefore, we should control the increment of low end products, adjust and optimize the structure, accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity, and promote energy saving and emission reduction.
Two. Standardization and modularization of a series of products
Through the standardization and modularization of series products, we can achieve the function of energy conservation and emission reduction. At present, the standardization and modular production of forklift industry still needs further improvement. Through standardization, it can simplify product variety, speed up the process of product design and production preparation, ensure quality at the same time, easy to maintain, better safety and higher reliability. Standardized products are related to related products and have great effect on quality. In addition, the interchangeability of parts and components can be expanded to reduce the cost of products, and the promotion of scientific research and new technology and new technology can be promoted, and energy and resources can be used reasonably.
Three. Miniaturization and lightening of products
In addition to increasing the technical level of the traditional fork lift truck, the small and lightweight forklift is the trend of future development in the forklift industry. The light weight of the vehicle not only improves the efficiency of the vehicle, but also helps the energy saving and emission reduction, leading the green and low-carbon operation.
The forklift truck has a single use at the beginning of its birth. In order to meet the material handling in the construction industry, its function is to meet the high strength of the work. At that time, the forklift truck was also converted into a tractor or agricultural vehicle, and the structure was heavy. With the progress of the society, the application field of the forklift has changed, the use location and the material are different. The user is more and more demanding from the price, function, reliability and efficiency. The enterprise can adapt to the new function by reducing the weight and reducing the volume of the forklift. A forklift for applications. The wide application of computer and simulation technology makes the design engineers of forklift trucks more handy in the design of the forklift, especially the lightweight design, the new structure, the new materials emerge and the subversion of the traditional ideas and design schemes, making the lightweight design more perfect. For example, Linde extends the weight function to a part of the frame, the rear axle and the water tank are connected to the weight, which effectively reduces the weight of the forklift and achieves the goal of energy saving and emission reduction.
Four. Change the power source of the forklift
The power sources for forklift trucks include diesel, gasoline, liquefied gas, natural gas, lead-acid batteries, lithium batteries, and ferroelectric batteries. Before changing the power source of the forklift, we look at the two latest news of the new energy car industry: the fuel cell car of the "Mirai" (Mirai) model of the fuel cell vehicle, and its fuel The battery produces electricity by the chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. This process is called an electrochemical reaction. As long as there is a hydrogen source, the fuel cell will be able to generate electricity continuously. The water will be discharged through chemical action, and no waste gas pollution is produced. Tesla can run at -60 degrees centigrade, originating from his "antifreeze liquefaction battery", using fluoro methane and two fluoro Methane Liquefied gas to make lithium batteries and supercapacitor electrolytes, known as "liquefied gas" electrolytes, with the advantages of "LPG batteries" not only at low temperatures, but also for the use of new electrolytes. "Automatic switch". If the battery's temperature is overheated, the liquefied gas electrolyte can no longer precipitate ions, which will "turn off" the battery and "open" again when the temperature drops, and the other advantage of the liquefied battery is to prolong the life of the traditional lithium battery. Is it possible for a forklift to have such batteries in the future? When there is market demand, the power source of forklift will also change with demand.